What Are Electrophiles And Nucleophiles? Explain With Examples
1. An electrophile is a reagent that takes away an electron pair. In other words, an electron-seeking reagent is called an electrophile (E+).
2. Electrophiles are electron deficient and can receive an electron pair.
3. Carbocations and neutral molecules having functional groups such as the carbonyl group are examples of electrophiles.
4. A nucleophile is a reagent that brings an electron pair. In other words, a nucleus-seeking reagent is called a nucleophile(Nu-)
5. For example OH-, NC-, carbanions, etc.
6. Neutral molecules such as H2O and ammonia also act as nucleophiles because of the presence of a lone pair.