Which of the following statements is false with regard to the limits on forceful control?

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Which of the following statements is false with regard to the limits on forceful control?

a. Force is never an effective means for maintaining control.

b. Using force to maintain control does nothing to resolve the underlying causes of the discontent.

c. The level of force leaders must use to maintain control of the government is related to the society’s level of dissatisfaction.

d. When you push people to the point where they are desperate, force is simply not enough.

This Libyan dictator pursued security in office by seeking legitimacy:

a. Muammar al-Qaddafi

b. Saddam Hussein

c. Golda Meir

d. Ayatollah Khomeini

Which of the following statements is false?

a. Anarchy is, perhaps, the most inefficient form of human organization there is.

b. The United States was only in an anarchic state for most of the nineteenth century.

c. Anarchists are ideologues who long for a lack of hierarchy.

Which of the following statements is false?

a. The theoretical concept of the panopticon as a social mechanism for controlling populations comes from an eighteenth-century prison design crafted by the British theorist Karl Marx.

b. The guard tower in a panoptic prison is completely enclosed with mirrored windows so the prisoners never know when they are being watched.

c. The panoptic means of controlling behavior is a pervasive aspect of just about every government.

d. The political philosopher Michel Foucault built upon the logic of the panoptic prison design and argued that it was similar to the way governments and leaders maintain control over the societies they rule.

Lewis Coser examined group conflict in terms of which of the following?

a. the social or political functions it served

b. how little groups contribute to society

c. the way to maximize economic productivity

d. their underlying benefit to rice production

Which of the following is not one of the mechanisms that leaders use to prevent revolutionary groups from forming?

a. atomization

b. incorporation

c. peer policing

d. preference falsification

While _____ tend to believe that human beings care only about maximizing their own self-interests, _____ tend to believe that humans are essentially good, social, and caring for others.

a. idealists; realists

b. idealists; conservatives

c. realists; idealists

d. realists; liberals

The rally round the flag effect refers to which of the following?

a. Americans tend to say the Pledge of Allegiance more often than do citizens of other nations.

b. Whenever Americans perceive a threat to the nation, public opinion polls show that there is also an upsurge in the President’s approval ratings.

c. Flag production is often associated with national holiday celebrations.

d. Owning a flag is a good indicator of whether someone will be successful.

Which of the following statements is false?

a. Collective action is coordinated group action that is designed to achieve a common goal that individuals acting on their own could not otherwise obtain.

b. Collective action is not necessary if there is a strong leader.

c. Collective action is the essence of government.

d. There are certain goods that can be achieved only through working together with others.

Leaders can achieve legitimacy by any of the following ways, except:

a. by a prolonged use of violence.

b. by remaining in power for a long time.

c. by receiving the approval of a prior leader who was believed to be legitimate.

d. by convincing the public that it is in their best interest to voluntarily accepting their leadership.

Someone’s reserve of power that can be called upon to achieve political goals is called:

a. political capital

b. the Reserve Clause

c. security power

d. allocative authority

Of the following, which is false with regard to preference falsification?

a. Governments use preference falsification to keep people separate and to keep groups from forming.

b. Governments encourage preference falsification by encouraging people to mimic the leaders preferences.

c. Preference falsification is limited to totalitarian dictatorships like the one in Nineteen Eighty-Four.

d. Preference falsification is when you hide the way you truly feel while you publicly express what those in power want you to communicate.

Which of the following statements are true about revolutions?

a. They are conducted only by a few.

b. They are collective actions.

c. They seek to reform the existing government.

d. They do not exist in hierarchical environments.

All of the following are examples of systems of governmental organization of the economy EXCEPT:

a. the welfare state

b. imperialism

c. socialism

d. statism

In his work, Wealth of Nations, this author used the example of the manufacture of sewing pins to highlight the benefits of factories.

a. Adam Smith

b. Karl Marx

c. Aristotle

d. Josef Stalin

Which of the following terms refer to people’s realization that it is in everyone’s best interest to work for the group rather than for their immediate wants and needs?

a. moral supremacy

b. liberal reform

c. enlightened self interest

d. egocentric environmentalism

An economic system that has minimal governmental interference and supervision of the economy is called:

a. laissez-faire

b. statism

c. welfarism

d. socialism

Which of the following is the biggest flaw with socialism?

a. It is hard to motivate people to work and even harder to motivate people to seek efficiencies or get them to excel at their craft.

b. Workers become too competitive.

c. Labor is undervalued in this system creating a tragedy of the commons.

d. Its stress on agriculture is no longer applicable in today’s world.

Which of the following statements about capitalism and socialism is true?

a. Capitalism has completely destroyed all vestiges of socialism.

b. Pure socialist countries now outnumber all other countries combined.

c. Adam Smith uncovered the perfect balance between socialism and communism.

d. All functioning capitalist systems in the world today are actually mixtures of capitalism and socialism

Which of the following refers to an economic system where society controls the means of production?

a. mercantilism

b. capitalism

c. imperialism

d. socialism

Political Economy

The subject of political economy focuses on the organization and structure of government and how it relates to the facilitation of economic policy.

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